- Primary colours. Red, blue and yellow are the basis of all other shades, and can‟t be created by combining other colours. If all three are mixed together in equal amounts, they will make black.
- Secondary Colours. This is the term used to describe the three colours that are created by mixing two primary colours together. There are three secondary colours: violet (made up of red and blue); orange (made up of red and yellow) and green (made up of yellow and blue).
- Tertiary Colours. These come from mixing one primary with one secondary colour. These are six: saffron (red and orange); lime (yellow with green); lavender (blue with violet); purple (red with violet); amber (yellow with orange) and turquoise (blue with green).
When combining white or black to the above-mentioned colours you obtain tints and shades, while tones describe the depth of a colour.
Neutrals are subtle shades from the palest range of colours (beige, cream), and are used for balancing vibrant or rich colours.
Cold colours have a high proportion of blue in their make-up, such as violet blue and some greens, and they have a calming effect.
Warm colours have more red and yellow in their make-up. They are energising.