Raised Panel Doors

Definition of Frame and Panel according to Wikipedia:

Frame and panel construction (also called “rail and stile”) is a woodworking technique often used in the making of doorswainscoting, and other decorative features for cabinetsfurniture, and homes. The basic idea is to capture a ‘floating’ panel within a sturdy frame, as opposed to techniques used in making a slab solid wood cabinet door or drawer front, the door is constructed of several solid wood pieces running in a vertical or horizontal direction [1]with exposed endgrains. Usually, the panel is not glued to the frame but is left to ‘float’ within it so that seasonal movement of the wood comprising the panel does not distort the frame.

Frame and panel construction at its most basic consists of five members: the panel and the four members which make up the frame. The vertical members of the frame are called stiles while the horizontal members are known as rails. A basic frame and panel item consists of a top rail, a bottom rail, two stiles, and a panel. This is a common method of constructing cabinet doors and these are often referred to as a five piece door.

In larger panels it is common to divide the panel into one or more sections. To house the extra panels, dividing pieces known as mid rails and mid stilesor muntins are added to the frame.

Panel styles in frame and panel construction

The panel is either captured in a groove made in the inside edge of the frame members or housed in an edge rabbet made in the rear inside edge. Panels are made slightly smaller than the available space within the frame to provide room for movement. Wood will expand and contract across the grain, and a wide panel made of solid wood could change width by a half of an inch, warping the door frame. By allowing the wood panel to float, it can expand and contract without damaging the door. A typical panel would be cut to allow 1/4″ (5 mm) between itself and the bottom of the groove in the frame. It is common to place some sort of elastic material in the groove between the edge of the panel and the frame before assembly. These items center the panel in the frame and absorb seasonal movement. A popular item for this purpose is a small rubber ball, known as a spaceball (a trademarked product). Some cabinet makers will also use small pieces of cork to allow for movement. The panels are usually either flat or raised.

A flat panel has its visible face flush with the front of the groove in the frame. This gives the panel an inset appearance. This style of panel is commonly made from man-made materials such as MDF or plywood but may also be made from solid wood or tongue and groove planks. Panels made from MDF will be painted to hide their appearance, but panels of hardwood-veneer plywood will be stained and finished to match the solid wood rails and stiles.

A raised panel has a profile cut into its edge so that the panel surface is flush with or proud of the frame. Some popular profiles are the ogeechamfer, andscoop or cove. Panels may be raised by a number of methods – the two most common in modern cabinetry are by coving on the tablesaw or the use of a panel raising cutter in a wood router or spindle moulder.

The stiles and rails often have a profile cut into the inside edge of the outside face – usually a smaller version to match the profile of the panel. In some panel styles, a profile may also be cut on the outside edge of the outside face.

Frame construction style falls into three categories: cope and stickmitred sticking and applied moulding. Cope and stick is the most common method, as it is more efficient to manufacture. In modern cabinetry, the cope and stick joinery is achieved with a set of special router cutters. These cut the profile on the edge of the frame parts and also cut a reverse version of the same profile in the ends of the rail so that they may be slipped over the ends of the stiles and glued in place.

If done correctly, the cope cut in the end of the rail will mate perfectly with the sticking profile. When glued together, the resulting joint will have sufficient strength for most cabinet door applications without further reinforcement. For extremely large and heavy doors, the cope and stick joint can be further reinforced with dowels, loose tenons, or by some other method.

In mitred sticking, the profile (known as the sticking) is applied to the edges of both the rail and stile and then a section of the sticking at the ends of each stile is removed leaving a mitred edge which aligns to a similar mitre cut on the ends of the sticking on each rail. This traditional method is more time consuming to complete, hence the popularity of cope and stick for manufactured items.

When applied moulding is to be used, the frame members are joined with mortise and tenon, reinforced butt joint, or bridle joint. Once the panel has been assembled, the moulding is applied to the inside edge of the outer face of the frame. An alternative method is to use a router to cut a sticking profile in the frame after assembly.

The process of making raised panel doors begins with gluing up panels, and then moves into cutting and preparing the frame parts. Next, the panels are cut to size and shaped. Parts and panel are sanded before construction. It is also common to apply a finish to panels prior to assembly so that raw wood is not visible if the panel shrinks. The joints are glued and set into clamps. If the frame and panel items are paint grade they are sometimes nailed at the frame joints on the reverse side. The door then moves on to finish sanding where it is brought to its final thickness, and the outside profile is added if required.

Click over your favorite solid wood door style  for more information.

Many other door styles
are available
in addition to what
you see on this page!

   RP-1000 Traditional 1-Panel Door

RP-1000

RP-2000 Vertical 2-Panel Door

RP-2000

RP-2020 Traditional 2-Panel Door

RP-2020

RP-3000 Contemporary 3-Panel Door

RP-3000

RP-3240 Traditional 3-Panel Door

RP-3240

RP-3060 3-Panel Door

RP-3060

RP-3010 Vertical 3-Panel Door

RP-3010

RP-3130 3-Panel Door

RP-3130

RP-4000 Traditional 4-Panel Doors

RP-4000

RP-4100 Contemporary 4-Panel Door

RP-4100

RP-4240 Reverse 4-Panel Door

RP-4240

RP-4190 4-Panel Door

RP-4190

RP-5000 Horizontal 5-Panel Door

RP-5000

RP-5061 Traditional 5-Panel Door

RP-5061

 RP-6000 Traditional 6-Panel Door

RP-6000

RP-6021 6-Panel Door

RP-6021

RP-6080 Contemporary 6-Panel Door

RP-6080

RP-8000 8-Panel Door

RP-8000

RP-1030 1-Panel Arch-Top Door

RP-1030

RP-2030 Traditional 2-Panel Arch-Top Door

RP-2030

RP-3150 Contemporary 3-Panel Arch-Top Door

RP-3150

RP-3090 3-Panel Arch-Top Door

RP-3090

RP-4151 Contemporary 4-Panel Arch-Top Door

RP-4151

RP-4050 Traditional 4-Panel Arch-Top Door

RP-4050

RP-6070 Traditional 6-Panel Arch-Top Door

RP-6070

RP-6101 6-Panel Arch-Top Door

RP-6101

RP-6150 Contemporary 6-Panel Arch-Top Door

RP-6150

RP-2040 Traditional 2-Panel Eyebrow Door

RP-2040

RP-3020 3-Panel Eyebrow Door

RP-3020

RP-4010 Traditional 4-Panel Eyebrow Door

RP-4010

RP-5011 5-Panel Eyebrow Door

RP-5011

RP-6031 6-Panel Eyebrow Door

RP-6031

RP-1050 1-Panel Round Top Door

RP-1050

RP-2070 Traditional 2-Panel Round Top Door

RP-2070

RP-3210 Contemporary 3-Panel Round Top Door

RP-3210

RP-4070 Traditional 4-Panel Round Top Door

RP-4070

RP-4210 Contemporary 4-Panel Round Top Door

RP-4210

RP-6090 Contemporary 6-Panel Round Top Door

RP-6090

RP-2051 Traditional 2-Panel Arch Top & Lock-Rail Door

RP-2051

RP-3041 3-Panel Arch Top & Lock-Rail Door

RP-3041

RP-3230 3-Panel Door with Round Top and Circle Center Panel

RP-3230

RP-5110 5-Panel Door with Round Top and Circular Center Panel

RP-5110

RP-8010 8-Panel Round Top Door

RP-8010

RP-9020

RP-9040

Full view 1-light  interior door

Full view 1-light

Prairie 9 light interior door

Prairie 9 light

Divided light  interior door

Divided light

732 Louvered interior door

732

730 louvered interior door

730

Solid Wood Raised Panel Doors
Typical Cross Sections

Standard style  for 1-3/8″ thick doors

Standard style  for 1-3/4″ thick doors

equal 6-panel
Equal 6-Panel – Raised Panel #5500 RP
standard 6-panel
Standard 6-Panel – Raised Panel #5503 RP

standard 5-panel
Standard 5-Panel-Raised Panel #5502 RP

horizontal 5-panel
Horizontal 5-Panel- Raised Panel #5527 RP
standard 8-panel
Standard 8-Panel – Raised Panel #5512 RP

inverted 4-panel
Inverted 4-Panel – Raised Panel #5510 RP
victorian 6-panel
Victorian 6-Panel- Raised Panel #5524 RP

Raised Panel #5514Standard 10-Panel – Raised Panel #5514 RP Raised Panel #5545Standard 12-Panel – Raised Panel #5545 RP

Raised Panel #5525Vertical 2- Panel – Raised Panel #5525 RP Art & Crafts 3 PanelArt & Crafts 3 Panel Raised Panel #5550 RP

Art & Crafts 4-Panel Art & Crafts 4-Panel – Raised Panel #5551 RP Colonial 8-PanelColonial 8-Panel-Raised Panel #5513 RP

Contemporary 6-PanelContemporary 6-Panel -Raised Panel #5504 RP Cross DoorCross Door Raised Panel #5540 RP

Horizontal 6-PanelHorizontal 6-Panel – Raised Panel #5528 RP Contemporary 8 PanelContemporary 8 Panel – Raised Panel #5515 RP

Contemporary 7 PanelContemporary 7 Panel – Raised Panel #5531 RP Inverted Arts & Crafts 3 PanelInverted Arts & Crafts 3 Panel – Raised Panel #5555 RP

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